Typology of Stalkers
TYPOLOGY TYPOLOGY OF STALKERS
Zona, Sharma, and Lane (1993) distinguished between three majo…
TYPOLOGY OF STALKERS
Zona, Sharma, and Lane (1993) distinguished between three major categories of stalkers:
The Simple Obsessional stalker,
The Love Obsessional stalker, and
The Erotomanic stalker. SIMPLE OBSESSIONAL STALKER
The first category of stalkers, the Simple Obsessional stalker, represents the most common form of stalking and generally involves cases wherein the victim and stalker had some prior relationship. In many instances, the stalker is a former intimate partner, a boyfriend or husband, and the stalking is an extension of domestic violence. Most cases of simple obsessional stalking involve male perpetrators and female victims. The nature of the prior intimate relationship is not always a marriage or long-term common law relationship. Some instances of simple obsessional stalking may also involve brief dating relationships. The common characteristic of these cases, however, is the existence of a former interpersonal relationship between the victim and offender.
The simple obsessional stalker is generally characterized as socially immature and is usually low in self-esteem, insecure, and prone to jealousy in relationships. These individuals have difficulty maintaining relationships and it is hypothesized that they use violence in relationships to maintain control over their partners and, following the dissolution of relationships, they engage in stalking behaviors to continue to exercise control over their partners. The motives of the simple obsessional stalker often reflect two opposing desires – to force their ex-partner back into the relationship and to exact some measure of revenge. Zona et al. (1993) described the stalking behaviors of simple obsessional stalkers as a “sustainable rage in response to a perceived narcissistic injury” (p. 901).
... LEGAL PERSPECTIVES
The First Formal Stalking Law
State of California, The first formal sta…
The First Formal Stalking Law State of California, 1990 -
A stalker had to make a “credible threat of death or great bodily injury” toward the victim, placing the victim in reasonable fear of the same.
The Canadian Criminal Code
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What is stalking? Regardless of your kno…
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